In June, 1969, members of the LGBTIQ+ community pushed back against a police raid at the Stonewall Inn in New York City. In July, the Apollo 11 mission successfully landed two people, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on the moon for the first time. In August, peace-loving partygoers attended the first Woodstock festival, while in California a man named Charles Manson inspired his cult of followers to commit a series of grisly murders.
The summer of '69 in the United States was a turbulent, history-making era, encompassing three months of political protests, cultural milestones and horrific violence.
Explore the stories behind these well-known events and their ongoing legacies through a selection of standout images below.
An NYPD officer grabs a young man by the hair as another officer clubs a second man during a confrontation in Greenwich Village after a gay power march in New York City in 1970. A year earlier in June 1969, an uprising by young gays, lesbians and transgender people in the city, including clashes with police near the Stonewall Inn, was a vital catalyst in expanding LGBTIQ+ activism nationwide and abroad. Image by an anonymous photographer for AP/AAP.
Stonewall veteran Sylvia Rivera leads the ACT-UP march past New York's Union Square Park on June 26, 1994. The march commemorated the 25th anniversary of the riot at the Stonewall Inn. Virtually every reliable account of Stonewall credits Sylvia, a transgender activist, with a major role in the riot. Image by Justin Sutcliffe for AP/AAP.
Gay rights activist Thomas L. Long continues the Stonewall tradition with a protest at Norview Baptist church in Norfolk, Virginia on December 9, 1992. Image by Lawrence Jackson for The Virginian-Pilot via AP/AAP.
Celia Gooding, left, and Laila Kelly pose for a picture in front of the Stonewall Inn before the Queer Liberation March in New York, Sunday on June 30, 2019, at the end of Pride Month. Image by Seth Wenig for AP/AAP.
Apollo 11 moon landing
An undated handout photo made available by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) shows the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission crew with, from left to right, mission commander Neil A. Armstrong, command module pilot Michael Collins and lunar module pilot Edwin E. (or Buzz) Aldrin Jr. posing in their space suits.
In this July 16, 1969 file photo provided by NASA, the Saturn V rocket that launched Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins on their Apollo 11 moon mission lifts off at Cape Kennedy, Florida.
This handout photo made available by NASA shows astronaut Buzz Aldrin walking on the moon in an iconic image taken by Apollo 11 commander and first man on the moon, Neil Armstrong.
In this July 24, 1969 photo made available by NASA, flight controllers at the Mission Operations Control Room in the Mission Control Center at the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston celebrate the successful conclusion of the Apollo 11 landing mission.
Manson Family murders
Charles Manson replied, "it all depends on your point of view", after a newsman asked him, "are you insane, Charlie?" on March 19, 1970 in Los Angeles. The exchange happened as Manson left court where he won permission to hire a new attorney, replacing one who had sought to have Manson examined by psychiatrists. Image by George Brich by AP/AAP.
This 1969 image shows Manson Family member Susan Atkins, convicted of the Tate, LaBianca and Hinman murders. A teenage runaway, she met Manson while living in a commune in San Francisco. The Manson slayings were unsolved for three months until Atkins confessed to a cellmate after her arrest on an unrelated charge. Image by an anonymous photographer for AP/AAP.
The body of actress Sharon Tate is taken from her rented house on Cielo Drive in Beverly Hills, California on August 9, 1969. Tate, who was eight months pregnant, and four other people were found murdered by Manson and his followers. Image by an anonymous photographer for AP/AAP.
The abandoned Barker Ranch house west of Death Valley National Park, California is photographed in February 2008. Charles Manson and his followers retreated to the Barker Ranch after their killing spree.
Jimi Hendrix performs at the original Woodstock Music and Arts Festival in 1969 in Bethel, New York. Image by Dan McCoy for The Image Works/AAP.
In this August 16, 1969 aerial image, music fans at the original Woodstock are packed around the stage. Image by Marty Lederhandler for AP/AAP.
Teenagers at Woodstock. Image by Tom Miner for The Image Works/AAP.
A girl takes a nap while on her way to Woodstock. Image by an anonymous photographer for AP/AAP.
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